Cadillac Eldorado

Jun 18

Cadillac Eldorado

Eldorado is the line of Cadillac cars that were manufactured between 1953 and 2002. Its main competitors were the Lincoln Mark series and the Buick Riviera cars. Under the name of Eldorado, cars were produced, somewhat different, both externally and internally, but this line (Eldorado) remained the top of Cadillac. The exceptions were: the Brougham model, which occurred in the period from 1957 to 1960, and was the most expensive; Series 75 with a wide wheelbase, which included both sedans and limousines. The name Eldorado was suggested in connection with the celebration of a special automobile exhibition in 1952 in honor of the golden anniversary of the Cadillac company. The word Eldorado is derived from the two words of the Spanish language "el dorado", which translated means "golden" or "golden". The first Eldorado Cadillac was born in 1953.

Photo Cadillac Eldorado

It was a production version of the conceptual 2-door convertible. A total of 532 copies of this version were released. The car was based on the platform of the series 62. For the Eldorado of the year 53, 4 body color options were offered: Aztec Red, Alpine White, Azure Blue and Artisan Ocher. It is also offered and option on the back of a convertible. From the identification marks on the body there is only an "Eldorado" gold plated identification plate. Under the hood of this version was installed the engine, which was also taken from the 62a series. It was a V8 power unit with a volume of 5.4 liters, whose power was 210 HP, the length of the car was 5610 mm and the width of 2000 mm. In those days, Cadillac Eldorado became the founder of the design ideas of General Motors. The rest of the automotive companies began to follow the trends in the Eldorado style and adopted elements of their appearance.

Photo Cadillac Eldorado

In 1955, the back of the Eldorado was changed, which received a kind of "fins" with style. They seemed quite contrasting against the wide sides of the car. In 1956, the two-door version of the coupe with a rigid roof was called Eldorado Sevilla. In turn, the version of the convertible was called Eldorado Biarritz. The year 1957 was marked by the launch by General Motors of one of the most memorable projects: Eldorado Brougham. This sedan with 4-door hardtop was an ultra class car. Brougham had a stainless steel roof, air suspension, first memory seats and other advanced options available to GM at that time. Its price of $ 13,074 made Eldorado Brougham the most expensive car in its class. In 1960, the latest models of Cadillac Eldorado de Sevilla were launched. By then, the Eldorado Sevilla was essentially a truncated luxury version of the Cadillac Serie 62. Of course, the Eldorado Cabriolet could be left on the line, but due to small differences with its counterpart, it was decided to discontinue it. By 1964, the main distinguishing feature of the Eldorado series were the bulging sides of the automobile.

Photo Cadillac Eldorado

In 1967, the appearance of the Cadillac Eldorado changed radically. Vehicles such as Buick Riviera and Oldsmobile Toronado, which were introduced in 1966, were taken as the basis for the development of the new design. Also Cadillac took care of them and front-wheel drive. Under the bonnet he places the V8 engine of 8. 2 liters with a modified turbocharger (THM 425, based on the THM 400) and a torque converter installed near the planetary gearbox. Despite the fact that the new generation of Cadillac Eldorado was based on Riviera and Toronado, the head of work in the appearance of General Motors, Bill Mitchell, could give uniqueness to the new Eldorado. It was a coupe with a long hood, compared to the rest, and hidden headlights. The acceleration of the updated coupe at 100 km / h took less than nine seconds, and the maximum speed was 192 km / h. Manipulation and travel comfort are widely praised in reviews of those times. Disc brakes in 1967 were offered as an option and already in 1968 were standard. The car sold well, despite the relatively high price. In 1968, some changes were made in Cadillac Eldorado, which were associated with the emergence of new exhaust emission standards. In 1969, the hidden headlights were replaced by the usual ones, and the roof was given a vinoplast finish. A little later, a transparent hatch appeared on the roof. In 1970, the Cadillac Eldorado installed the 8.2-liter V8 power unit. This is the largest V8 engine ever produced. Its power in 1970 was 400 CV.

With a maximum torque of 746 Nm. A power unit of this type was an exclusive Eldorado until 1975, until it became the standard for full-size Cadillac cars. In 1971, when the exterior of all full-size Cadillac models was upgraded, the Cadillac Eldorado reappeared on the back of the cabriolet and those same bulky classic sides. In 1978, the Eldorado model was launched with a wheelbase of 3213 mm, having undergone small external changes in 1973 and 1975. The year 1973 was marked in the history of the Cadillac Eldorado, as the participation of Eldorado in the race "Indianapolis 500 Mile Race "(500 miles from Indianapolis). In 1977, the Cadillac Eldorado gets a new grid with a nicer mesh. In the same year, the Cadillac Eldorado was replaced by a new top model line of convertible Eldorado Biarritz cars. The last time this name was used only in the 60s. Also replacing the V8 engine with a volume of 8.2 liters, which was installed in the period from 1970 to 1976, comes a new seven-liter V8 with a volume of 7 liters . In 1978 some minor changes were made. This generation of Cadillac Eldorado, produced from 1971 to 1978, became a popular vehicle that often participated in the filming of films and is described in the literature.

Photo Cadillac Eldorado

There is even a stereotype that it is an exclusive car, which is made only upon request. In 1979, the sixth generation of Cadillac Eldorado appeared. This year, Eldorado was already much more covers for cars, both externally and in terms of technical equipment. The new version is also based on the Riviera and Toronado chassis. Two variants of the V8 engines with the volumes of 5.7 and 6.0 liters were offered, instead of the more voracious engines of the previous generation with the volumes of 7.0 and 8.2 liters. With the arrival of this model, Cadillac has revived the use of the notion of "stainless steel roof". But it's worth noting that the Eldorado was still an impressive-sized car with a spacious interior and a powerful engine. In 1981 there was a production failure in connection with the installation of a new engine in the Cadillac Eldorado with interchangeable cylinders V8-6-4. It was equipped with an electronic system that had to deactivate some cylinders when the maximum power of the engine was not required. The transition to such engines was associated with the hardening of the CAFÉ standards (automobile fuel consumption standards).

Photo Cadillac Eldorado

But the system did not work as desired, and sometimes it did not work at all. Therefore, it was decided to install the V8 with a volume of 5.7 liters, which was installed in cars of the Oldsmobile brand. This engine was quite playful and durable, but most buyers complained about its sophisticated electronics. But the reputation of Eldorado was not spoiled for a long time and, soon, sales began to grow again. Another fault was the installation of a 5.7-liter diesel engine by the Oldsmobile brand, proposed in 1979. Buyers who are not familiar with the characteristics of the new diesel engine often exploited it incorrectly (for example, they did not wait for the glow plug to heat up) and, due to the fact that the bolts on the cylinder head did not meet the necessary requirements ( they did not withstand high pressure), the head gasket often failed. Subsequently, the engine was revised and the deficiencies were eliminated, which led to a decrease in power of 120 hp. up to 105 HP In 1984, Cadillac presented the updated Eldorado Biarritz convertible. He was 91 kg heavier. The interior of the car remained unchanged.

Photo Cadillac Eldorado

Because 1985 was last year when the Cadillac Eldorado was produced in the back of a convertible, and the release volume of the last version was 1000 copies, then today this car is a target for many collectors. In 1986, the Eldorado Cadillac became even smaller. Such a movement was very dangerous. Now, this expensive car was the same size as the General Motors subcompact models of previous years and much smaller than its competitor Lincoln Mark VII. Later it was learned by the news that such a change in this model was caused by an erroneous forecast of rising fuel prices in the United States. Based on this forecast, GM had planned that with the increase in gas prices, the demand for small luxury cars would increase significantly. But the predictions were not even half-warranted. Sales of the Cadillac Eldorado car model decreased 5 times.

Buyers and critics considered this car as a mistake of the company. In 1992, Cadillac presents the new Eldorado. The size of the new items increased only slightly, but due to the new concept of appearance, these small changes seemed more impressive. The Eldorado Cadillac now installed a new 4.8-liter Northstar V8 engine. Its power was 200 HP. The combination of aerodynamic shapes and a fairly high power was excellent. Sales grew, but they were already far from record levels. Apparently, many buyers did not like the 2-door coupe for a price that exceeded the similar 4-door sedan Cadillac Sevilla. In 1995, the 4.8-liter Northstar V8 engine was replaced by a 4.6-liter V8 engine with a capacity of 275 hp. and 300 hp. In 1999, the General Motors company prepared an Eldorado-based concept for the North American International Auto Show. The concept car was named "EldoRODo". A little later, GM announced that the 2002 anniversary year (the 50th model of the Eldorado series) will be the last for the Eldorado Cadillac. To mark the end of the Eldorado era, it was decided to launch a limited lot of cars, in the amount of 1,596 pieces in red and white, that were available for the 1953 convertible.